Roman Statues & Sculptures - Museum Artefacts & Antiquities - Pictures & Images - { 46 galleries }

Pictures images photos of Roman statues & Sculpture from archaeological sites and museum exhibits and artefacts. The Romans were very good at taking the best from the people they conquered and they embraced whole heartedly the Gods and culture of the Ancient Greeks who started and created the rules of the classical style that is still be adhered to today. It is hard to divorce Roman statue and sculptural styles from that of the ancient Greeks so the genre is usually referred to as Greco-Roman. Many examples of Greek sculptures only exist today as Roman copies of earlier ancient Greek originals. Good examples of this are the many Roman Venus statues that have been excavated from Roman archaeological sites. The Roman Venus statues were based on earlier Greek statues such the style known as the Venus of Arles ( Greek Goddess Aphrodite), probably a copy of the Aphrodite of Thespiae by fourth century BC Greek Athenian sculpture Praxiteles. The Venus statue known as the “Capitoline Type” was a copy of an earlier Greek statue known as the "Aphrodite of Knidos”. The Romans made faithful copies of these various Venus styles and other earlier Greek statues that wherever they are excavated from all over the old Roman Empire they all followed exactly the same styles.

The Romans held their ancestors in great respect and the Roman villas of the wealthy had a room set aside with death masks and sculpted busts of earlier members of their families. Up until Augustus the style of theses statues was very realistic revealing wrinkles, warts and all defects. Augustus though saw the advantage of appearing as a perfect individual as was the first to control and idealise his statues that were erected across the Roman Empire. Augustus saw the power of using art as a propaganda machine and after him all successive Emperors statues and sculptures revealed perfect individuals devoid of imperfections. The monumental art of the Roman Empire was the sculpture. Statues adorned Roman theatres and were at the heart of the inner sanctum of their temples. The Romans adopted the Greek pantheon of Gods often changing their names so that , for example, Aphrodite became Venus. The Romans gave offerings to their many Gods regularly. Mosaic panels in their houses depicted scenes from mythology accompanied by bronze and marble statues of the Gods. Small votive bronze statues were popular and some, such as the erotic statue from Pompeii, have been badly misinterpreted and labeled as erotic when in fact they were moral reminders of acts that would have been familiar myths to Romans. The quality of Roman sculptures is incredible, and their creators were great craftsmen. It is hardly surprising then that when an interest in Roman artefacts was taken up by the Papacy in Rome and Roman sculptures were excavated and their art rediscovered for the first time in 1000 years that they triggered the Renaissance. Browse or download pictures of Roman sculpture on line as stock photos or art prints

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