Alaca Huyuk Hittite Artefacts - Anatolian Civilisations Museum. { 90 images } Created 13 Sep 2018

Pictures photos images of Alaca Hoyuk (Alaca Höyük, Alacahoyuk) Neo Hittite sculpted relief stone orthostat panels and museum artefacts from the Museum of Anatolian Civilisations, Ankara. Alaca Hoyuk ruins are situated 15 km northwest of Alaca town of Corum, Province, 16o km east of Ankara. The first excavations was made in 1907 by Theodore Macrdy for a short period, and later, by the orders of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk in 1935. It is important in that it was the first Turkish excavation made in our country. Slowing down upon the death of Ataturk in 1938 and terminating as of 1983, the excavations were re-launched in 1996 by Faculty of Language History and Geography, Ankara University, with the support of the ministry of Culture and Tourism, which are still continuing. Alaca Hoyuk was a major cult and art centre during Early Bronze Age and Hittite Period and several culture layers were excavated belonging to Early Bronze Age, Hittite, Phrygian, Hellenistic, Roman, Eastern Roman, Seljuk and Ottoman periods.
The best preserved feature of Alaca Hoyuk is the Sphinx-gate. The outer and inner walls of the Sphinx Gate were clad with Hittite sculpted relief stone orthostat panels. Originally carved on each side of the gates sphinx statues, inside the doorway ; there now remains only traces of the relief on the right-hand sphinx, showing the lower part of a human figure standing upon a double-headed eagle seizing hares in its claws, a motif we have seen at Yazilikaya. These Hittite reliefs form a continuous scene representing a sacrifice by the king and queen, followed by attendants, to a divinity—the storm-god—in the form of a bull. The king wears 'priestly garb ' and carries the lituus, He is standing in front of the altar in an attitude of adoration, hand raised towards the image of the god, the normal attitude of prayer. In another Hittite orthostat an attendant leading in the animals—rams and goats—for the sacrifice. A further reliefs depicts jugglers and another with a hunting scenes show art unexpected liberty of movement and an understanding of animal life, already noticeable in the statuettes of stags and bulls. 'These reliefs are by no means typical of Hittite art, which is as a rule extremely formal.

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