Ancient Babylon - Art Artefacts Antiquities & Historic Sites - Pictures & Images of - { 127 images } Created 19 Nov 2016

Pictures, images and photos of the art and antiquities of Ancient Babylon. Photos by photographer Paul E Williams. Babylon was an Akkadian city-state founded in 1867 BC by an Amorite dynasty of ancient Mesopotamia. Babylon was probably the first a small town which had sprung up by the beginning of the 3rd millennium BC and is situated on the lower Euphrates river in southern Iraq. The town flourished and attained independence with the rise of the First Amorite Babylonian Dynasty in 1894 BC. In the mid 7th century Babylon was dissolved as it was invaded and settled by Arabs who brought Islam to the area. It has been estimated that Babylon was the largest city in the world c. 1770 – c. 1670 BC, and again c. 612 – c. 320 BC. It was perhaps the first city to reach a population above 200,000.[2] Estimates for the maximum extent of its area range from 890[3] to 900 hectares (2,200 acres). The remains of the city are in present-day Hillah, Babil Governorate, Iraq, about 85 kilometres (53 mi) south of Baghdad. They comprise a large tell of broken mud-brick buildings and debris. When German archaeologists excavated in Babylon in the 1930s, they dismantled the Ishtar Gate and packed it up to take with them to Berlin. It was meticulously reconstructed in the Pergamon Museum. The gate is 50 feet high, and the original foundations extended another 45 feet underground. The reconstruction of the Ishtar Gate in the Pergamon Museum is not a complete replica of the entire gate. The original structure was a double gate with a smaller frontal gate and a larger and more grandiose secondary posterior section.The only section on display in the Pergamon Museum is the smaller frontal segment.

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