Museopics. Berber plasterwork photos. Islamic art pictures. { 303 images } Created 23 Mar 2014

Pictures photos images of Berber Arabesque plasterwork and its various styles. One of the great mediums used by the Berber Arabeque is plasterwork and under the Nasrids this reached the highly sophisticated forms that can be seen in the Alhambra Palace in Granada. The main architectural features within the buildings are ceramic mosaics, plasterwork and carved wooden ceilings all profusely decorated. Nasrid plasterwork in the Alhambra is probably the best example of Berber plasterwork. It has been worked onto every interior space in the Alhambra with such fine detail that it almost looks like textile hangings with intricated ornamental design. the plasterwork elements brake down into calligraphic inscriptions, geometric lazo, ataurique and mocárabes.There are two types of calligraphic styles in the Alhambra plasterwork are Kufic an early angular form of the Arabic alphabet found chiefly in decorative inscriptions which usually had quotations from the Holy Qur’an, and Nashkhid-Thuluth a cursive script style using with the flowing curved characters.Kufic caligraphy uses square and angular straight lines and bold circular forms. When the calligraphy is incorporated into plaster panels the letters are elongated to blend with the overall design. The Nashkhid-Thuluth style is much more flowing and elegant more like script and the style is used commonly in the narrow panels that are placed on top of tiles that line the lower walls of Berber buildings. The most popular script in Narid buildings is the dynastic motto 'Wa la ghalib ila Ala' which translates 'There is no conqueror but God.' Geometric lazo plasterwork is a popular design used throughout Islamic art. The Nasrid liked the geometric lazo of eight, a variation unique to themselves, that incorporated an eight pointed a square grid which became the central point of a bigger design called “ruedas” or wheels.
Berber Nasrid art also used stylised abstracted floral and vegetal motifs based on trees, flowers and fruits. These designs known as ataurique fill spaces between the geometric Lazo designs to create an overwhelming surface geometry. During Muhammed V (1354) more themes and variations appear: complex palm leaves shells, peppercorns, pine cones, and for the first time, they begin to appear intertwined with calligraphic inscriptions. The most spectacular use of plasterwork are the Mocárabe decorative elements. Berber Arabesque Mocárabe, Honeycomb work, or Stalactite work consists of a complex array of vertical prisms resembling stalactites. The stalactite design may be a symbolic representation of the cave where Mohammed received the Koran. The Nasrid dynasty of Granada used mocárabe extensively and used it around the capitals of its columns thereby making a new order of column. Buy as high resolution stock royalty free images of travel images to download on line or buy as photo art prints.
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