Pictures & Images of Pasaba Valley Fairy Chimney Cave Houses & Churches, Cappadocia, Turkey - { 91 images } Created 12 Feb 2019

(updated 2021)
Pictures photos image of the fairy chimney rock formations and rock pillars of “Pasaba Valley” near Goreme, Cappadocia, Nevsehir, Turkey. A UNESCO World Heritage Site. 2.6 million years ago there was a massive volcanic eruption from Mount Erciyes in central Anatolia . This resulted in 20,000 square kilometres (7,700 sq mi) being covered in volcanic ash hundreds of meters deep. Over time the ash turned into soft volcanic tuff rock which was eroded by water into the rock formations we see today in Cappadocia. In some areas harder rock deposits protected the softer rock below leading to the formation of fairy chimneys. The Pasaba Valley, near Goreme, has some fine examples of fairy chimneys and the harder rocks that top the rock pillars are known as tent rocks. In the early days of Christianity Christians came to wild areas of Cappadocia to take refuge from the Roman Christian purges. This did not always make them safe though as a group of Christians was put to death in Cappadocia under Emperor Galerius after hideous tortures. Saint Cyril of Caesarea was beheaded in 251 in Caesarea, Cappadocia. Christian monasteries survived in Cappadocia hidden away in inaccessible valleys and they sent out missionaries like Sisinius of Cappadocia who was Missionary to the Tyrol region of Austria where he died in 397. The Cappadocian Fathers, also traditionally known as the Three Cappadocian's, are Saint Basil the Great (330–379), who was bishop of Caesarea; Basil's younger brother Gregory of Nyssa (c. 335 – c. 395), who was bishop of Nyssa; and a close friend, Gregory of Nazianzus (329–389), who became Patriarch of Constantinople. Later Christians came to Cappadocia seeking sanctuary, later from Persian and Arab invasions of Anatolia. In the wild Pasaba Valley monks cut churches into the soft volcanic rock of the fairy chimneys and formed small monasteries.

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