Pictures & Images of Phrygian Art, artefacts & Antiquities - { 213 images } Created 7 Dec 2018

Picture photos images of ancient Phrygian classical art, artefacts and antiquities from the 8th -6th century BC. The Phrygian Civilisation Phrygians, who were called in the Bhrygians or Bhrygues, migrated from Thrace in Macedonia Anatolia through the Bosporus. Initiall the Phrygians settled in the Sangarios River Valley around. 1200 BC and then continued to move south and eastward into the Anatolian heartland. The Phrygian Highlands, located between Eskisehir, Afyonkarahisar and Kutahya, is the pace where the Phrygians were most powerful throughout their history. In the region which borders of Eskisehir, many Phrygian fortresses were built between the 8th and the first half_of the 6th century BC. The fortresses are located on the rocky plateaus near deep valleys, known as Phrygian Valleys, and occupied strategic points in control of their surrounding areas and the roads that lead into the valleys. In the fortresses were monumental cisterns, silos, tunnels with stairs, cultic memorials, and chamber tombs.
The Phrygians worshipped the Mother Goddess, called Matar (Mother), Matar Areyastin, or Matar Kubileya / Kubeleya. The Phrygian Mother Goddess Matar Kubileya was believed to be the owner of the mountains, animals, cities and agriculture, the protector of young girls, and the symbol of the nature, fertility and abundance. Phrygians located their cult places in nature as they believed the goddess existed on the grass near the fresh water springs, in the wooded desolate nature, on the rocky places, and on the mountains. They carved facades, altars and niches on the rocks and worshipped The Mother Goddess Matar Kubeleya in front of them. The Phrygian population was mainly comprised of a peasant class who lived on agriculture and livestock. Weaving was also an important economy for the Phrygians. Phrygian textiles, woven with geometric motifs, were among the popular goods in the ancient world. According to Pliny, needle lace was another Phrygian invention, and because of that clothes with needle lace were called Phrygian. In Early the Phrygian Period, pots were generally hand made. Phrygian pots were generally decorated with painted geometric designs and illustrations of animals or engraved with spot designs. From the beginning of the 9th century BC Phrygians started to use the potters wheel.

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