Pictures of Roman Nimes Temple Amphitheatre & Aqueduct - France - { 63 images } Created 8 Apr 2016

(updater 2021)
Photos pictures images of the Roman City of Nemausus, present day Nimes, is situated in the Languedoc-Roussillon region of southern France. In about 28 BC Nemausus became a Roman colony and by the time of Augustus had a population of 60,000 Romans. The city was ringed by 6 km (3.7 miles) of ramparts with 14 towers and was known as the Porta Augusta or the doorway to Gaul, present day France. Present day Nimes is the centre of important Roman monuments including the Pont du Gard a Roman aqueduct which crosses the River Gard as part of a 50 km (31 miles) long aqueduct from an inland spring at Uzes to Nimes which delivered a staggering 200,000 cubic meters (44 million gallons) of water a day to Nimes. The Maison Carrée or Square House is the name given to the best preserved Roman temple remaining from the ancient Roman Empire. The Maison Carrée was originally built as the heart of the Roman forum of Nemausus, present day Nimes, in the south of France. The Maison Carrée temple was built as a Roman cult temple to Julius Caesar around 4-7 AD. It was later rededicated to Emperor Augustus. The Maison Carrée temple measures 26 m by 13.5 m and is raised on a 2.8 m high podium. The temples facade has a flight of stone steps leading to its portico with six Corinthian columns. From the portico a high door leads into the temple.

The Roman amphitheatre of Nimes was built around 70 AD. It is an oval amphitheatre measuring 133 m long and 101 m wide. Its two floors are supported by two rows of 60 arches on top of each other with seating inside for about 24,000 spectators on 34 rows of terraces. As with all Roman amphitheatres each division of the arena was accessed by its own flight of stairs which mad access very easy and fast . The open design and pitch of the seating also ensured an uninterrupted view of the arena. Underground floors beneath the Area allowed easy acess for animals and gladiators via stairs and lifts. As the Roman Empire declined in the 6th century AD, Visigoths started conquering Roman territory. When they took Nimes they fortified the Amphitheatre. By the Mid 8th century the early Kings of France had recovered the south of France and the Viscounts of Nimes constructed a fortified Palace inside the amphitheatre.

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