Pictures of Tiryns Archaeological Site, Greece. Mycenaean Photos and Images { 271 images } Created 2 Dec 2012

Photos photos pictures of Tiryns archaeological site, Greece. Tiryns, along with Mycenae, is one of the two imposing ruins of the greatest cities of the Mycenaean civilisation, which dominated the eastern Mediterranean world from the 15th to the 12th century B.C. Both are indissolubly linked to the Homeric epics, the Iliad and the Odyssey. The Mycenaean civilisation laid the foundations for the evolution of later European cultures, including classical Greek architecture and urban design, and consequently also on contemporary cultural forms.
The Mycenaeans used Linear B which is a syllabic script that was used for writing Mycenaean Greek dated to about 1450 BC. Tiryns has been occupied since Neolithic times and ruins remain from the early Bronze, 3000BC. Tiryns flourished during the Mycenaean period. A new fortified palace complex was constructed in the 14th century BC. The defences were extended in the early 13th century BC, and the Lower Citadel was also fortified. Following earthquake and fire damage, the site was reconstructed, the new defences enclosing an area of 20ha; the extra-mural settlement covered more than 25ha. The typical Mycenaean fortifications at Tiryns are characterised by the gigantic size of the stones used . Homer described them as "mighty walled Tiryns”. The organisation and skill required to move such monumental stones into place gives an idea of the sophistication of the Mycenaean civilisation. The famous megaron of the palace of Tiryns has a large reception hall, the main room of which had a throne placed against the right wall and a central hearth bordered by four Minoan-style wooden columns that served as supports for the roof. Two of the three walls of the megaron were incorporated into an archaic temple of Hera. The decline of Tiryns and Mycenae was sudden and is linked to the mysterious Late Bronze Age collapse in the Aegean region which lunged the region into a “Dark Ages”. With the collapse of written records along with all of the great Aegean and Middle Eastern civilisations between 1206 and 1150 BC, it has long been debated what actually happened during this period. Most academics link this collapse to the so called Dorian Invasion but the collapse also is around the cataclysmic volcanic eruption on Santorini which was so great that its ash can be found all around the world. Buy as high resolution stock royalty free images of travel images to download on line or buy as photo art prints.

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