Romanesque Catalan Fresco Paintings - National Museum of Catalan Art (MNAC) - Picture & Images { 592 images } Created 14 Nov 2013

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Photos images photos of the National Museum of Catalan Art Eleventh and Twelfth century collection of Romanesque Fresco painting which is one of the most important in the world. The collection comprises whole Apse and wall paintings rescued from remote churches before they were completely destroyed. The impact of earlier major forms of liturgical decoration conditioned Catalan mural painting from the middle of the twelfth century onwards. The force of the groups from Taull is equally perceptible in the tendency to abstraction and geometry or in the liking for intense colours. Generally systematization of resources brings about a simplification of the style which moves away from a desire to be naturalistic. . At the end of the twelfth century medieval art received a new and powerful wave of Byzantine influence. European courts enthusiastically welcomed this new influx from the East, explained by the intensification of contacts between the West and the Byzantine Empire at the time of the Crusades. Romanesque art was formulated with a virtuous naturalism of the art of the Komnenoi dynasty, attracted by the classical appearance, sophisticated and ornamental, typical of the refined culture of Constantinople. In this respect, the trading vocation of the Catalan speaking territories and the first steps taken by the Crown of Aragon as a strong player in the European political game make Catalonia a very notable point of arrival and emergence of this twelfth century art, being directly linked by sea with the new Byzantine developments and with their Expansion to Sicily and southern Italy. The Romanesque frescoes follow popular themes of the Middle ages. Christ Pantocrator or In Majesty is a popular icon based on the Byzantine Roman iconography. The image is known as a Theophany, in which Christ is revealed as God. He is surrounded by a vertical eye shaped aureola called a mandorla which also originated from Byzantium. The Theophany is usually surrounded by a Tetramorph with the four symbols of the Evangelists - Mathew depicted as a man, Mark as a lion, Luke as a Bull and John as an Eagle. Photos of the Romanesque pictures can be downloaded as photo art prints on line from this gallery.

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